“Il Bando dei Vini di Cosimo III”, 300 years of protection of wine growing of Chianti Rufina

July 18, 2016

On 24 September 2016, it will celebrate the 300th anniversary of the decree by which Cosimo III established the first regional wine appellations, the first of quality and guarantee checks for the consumer. DOC certification before its time.
There are no more territories than the other three mentioned in the announcement which are Chianti Classico, Carmignano and the Val d’Arno di sopra, which can boast a similar story.
24 September of 1716 in Florence, Grand Duke Cosimo III de ‘Medici issued the announcement “Sopra la Dichiarazione dé Confini delle quattro Regioni Chianti, Pomino e Rufina, Carmignano, e Val d’Arno di Sopra”, in which borders were specified of areas within which they could be produced wines mentioned (in practice a real anticipation of the concept of Denomination of Controlled Origin).
This provision states the basic principle of any subsequent Protected Designation of Origin and controlled: that is the essential correspondence between a name and the land (bounded) production.
In addition, the Grand Duke, two months before, July 18, 1716, had sanctioned a proclamation which established a congregation that would have to check the wines “that are committed to sail” that is suitable to travel by sea (Carmignano, Pomino and Rufina, Chianti and Valdarno above). The Congregation was to ensure that they are not tampered with and adulterated during the trip. Those wines were in fact considered important for the “dignity of the nation.”
So the latter instituted bodies representing the direct historical antecedents of the current Consortia: these congregations had specifically intended to check on whether the rules of production required for the purposes of the designation, statuite in the same measure. The decree establishing the supervisory Congregations can therefore be considered in its own right, together with the territorial delimitation notice, the first real disciplinary of production of the history.